Open-source software not only to comply with the requirements of open source software licenses, open source, to build and contribute to their own development business model. At present, the open-source software is basically to find a number of molding the business model, but need time away from full maturity.
Open-source software to sustainable development, to move towards industrialization, to find a business model consistent with their own characteristics.
We look at the composition of the software as a collection of the following: "software = program + documentation + support + training + professional services." Some people say that open source software for free, it is not comprehensive. The implementation of open source software open source, free access and use.
Proprietary software is not open source, software programs that require fees to use. This is open source software and proprietary software, the fundamental difference.
In general open source document is also available for free, or only a little production cost. In this way, open source software in the first two parts are free of charge. However, the back support, training and professional services sectors is available free. This is what open source software business model innovation and direction.
Engineering implementation technology
Some people say that since open source software source code is open, and people can be downloaded, then open source software products or releases Qibu being no technical or commercial secrets at all. We believe that, despite the open-source software, open source code, but does not mean that all technologies are open, its engineering implementation technology is not open, and open source software is a commercial secret.
In fact, all the technology is open source software: Open source is characterized by open technology and engineering are not open implementation techniques of two parts; or technology from the two parts of the composition of the symbiotic open source software technology.
The so-called engineering technology, is in the open-source software has completed its open technology (ie, all source code or all of the technical performance) on the basis of the development process, service or product-based business applications, technical follow-up need to be resolved. It is mainly focused on: improving the operational stability, optimal calculation efficiency, flexible scalability, improve product quality, catalyst product maturity.
Engineering technology is an implementation of technology, optimization, implicit techniques. In Red Hat, Novell and other international open-source vendors, the release of its enterprise-class products related to the kernel source and kernel community, "official" open source 3 ~ 5% between the gap. The "package" of different configurations affect the performance efficiency is an engineering implementation technology. Open source enterprise to learn is that not violate the open-source license agreement, open all the source code, at the same time to grasp their attention to engineering implementation technology.
Users, especially business users have realized, just buy, install the software program is not enough to install the software is only a start, the operation will have to face many problems: how to use good software? How to make the system run much more stable, more efficient, easy to operate and so on.
Whether proprietary or open source software, technical support for software users, are very necessary. The most common example, found loopholes in time patch; other features to improve the software requires constant upgrades. These can be counted as a form of support.
Support of open source software need to be addressed two issues: first, how to configure the package, how to optimize, which is engineered to achieve technical part; second, real-time updates.浣滀负鏀寔鐨勬彁渚涜?锛屾湁蹇呰瀹炴椂鏇存柊鏀寔锛岃?涓嶆槸闈欐涓嶅彉銆傜敱浜庢湁寮?簮绀惧尯鐨勬敮鎸侊紝寮?簮杞欢浼佷笟鑳藉鎻愪緵鏇存柊閫熷害鏇村揩鐨勫疄鏃舵敮鎸併?
This is often referred to as "User Product Certification", that is, with these collaborative enterprise software and hardware products have a good technical interface to barrier-free compatible.鑾峰緱浜嗚繖绉嶈璇佺殑鏀寔锛屽叾鍏ㄩ潰鏀寔鐨勪环鍊煎皢浼氬ぇ澶у鍔狅紝浠庤?鎴愪负寮?簮浼佷笟鐨勪竴绉嶅晢涓氭ā寮忋?
濡傛灉浣跨敤鑰呭湪鍏朵笂杩涜淇敼鎴栧啀寮?彂锛屽氨蹇呴』鎸夌収GPL璁稿彲鍗忚锛屾妸淇敼鎴栧啀寮?彂鐨勯儴鍒嗗叏閮ㄨ繑鍥烇紙鍏紑锛?濡傛灉涓嶆兂杩斿洖锛堝叕寮?級锛屽垯鍙墽琛屽彟涓?鍗忚锛屽苟鍚戠敤鎴锋敹鍙栬垂鐢ㄣ? It can be said that this dual-licensing model is better to maintain the open source rules of the game, but also has some flexibility.
Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth to the community, said they are building an open source platform, many small and medium enterprises set up in its server, Ubuntu no money or less money to them, Ubuntu is still the platform set up for some big clients application server, will have to charge more.
Google used in the preparation of their own open-source software, their software (programs), support services, not fees, and advertising fees. This way traditional software charges constitute a significant impact.鐗瑰埆鏄寰蒋锛岄殢鍚庡井杞篃鎺ㄥ嚭浜哃ive Windows/Live Office锛屾悶缃戠粶鐩存挱锛岃蒋浠跺彲浠ュ叕寮?紝鏈嶅姟涔熷厤璐癸紝浣嗘槸骞垮憡鏀惰垂銆?br />
The inventor of this model is Canonical, Ubuntu release. The company launched a "Ubuntu Partner Program," their software products on the pricing of zero to the "market", in Global Development "traders" to conduct the promotion. It is the "market" which all "transactions (activity)" are to the "Points" and according to the different points of "dealer" is divided into three categories require different rights and obligations.
Open source software in the commercial direction has been clear that the software programs for free, support, and service fees up links.
The above are some profitable to develop under the general direction in which the specific model, open source business model is not difficult to copy them and emulate, but allow it in some detail the different adaptability.
Future: Deeply market division of labor
Trend of the future will be the open source community, development companies, marketing companies work closely between, to form a market division of labor.
鍦ㄨ蒋浠跺紑鍙戙?浜у搧鍒朵綔鏂归潰锛岀ぞ鍖哄紑鍙戜富瑕佷互鍔熻兘寮?彂涓轰富锛屽紑鍙戜紒涓氬垯浠ユ彁楂樹骇鍝佺殑绋冲畾鎬с?璐ㄩ噺銆佹晥鐜囧拰浼樺寲鎬ц兘涓轰富銆?Sales will probably have head office and several agencies responsible for after the completion of products forming the support, training, and service.杩欐牱锛屾棦灏嗕紒涓氬紑鍙戞満鍒朵笌绀惧尯寮?彂鏈哄埗缁撳悎璧锋潵锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑰冭檻鍒颁簡甯傚満鍜屽紑鍙戞棦鏈夎仈绯讳篃鏈夊垎宸ョ殑鍏崇郴銆?br />
浠庝骇涓氫笂鏉ヨ锛屾瀯寤哄拰瀹屽杽寮?簮鐢熸?閾撅紝瀵瑰紑婧愪紒涓氱殑鍙戝睍涔熼潪甯告湁甯姪銆?Open Source not only has Linux, open source software has a comprehensive framework that LAMP architecture (L-Linux operating system, A-Apache open source server or other open-source middleware, M-MySQL or Postgre open source database, P- PHP or Perl, Python scripting language), the architecture has a simplicity, low cost and flexibility characteristics of the implementation, when the "on-line transaction processing (OLTP)" in the LAMP architecture solution to succeed, a strong impetus to this framework development. Apparently, according to this framework to build a complete ecosystem of open source software, open source software, the market will do more cake.
鍔犳嬁澶?Bluce Mau鍦ㄥ叾钁椾綔銆婂法澶х殑鍙樺寲鈥斺?鍏ㄧ悆鏈潵鐨勪笘绾?锛堛?Massive Change銆嬶級涓涓猴紝杩囧幓20骞达紝鍏ㄧ悆杞欢涓氭病鏈夊彇寰楁槑鏄捐繘姝ャ? Overall, the software is greater than the cost of broken software revenue. Software, broken software that is constantly being discovered vulnerabilities, need constant repair; also developed some software simply can not be used later.
Then, the software should be going?濡備綍鏀瑰彉杩欑鍥板锛熷紑鏀炬簮浠ｇ爜鍗忎細(Open Source Initiative,绠?ОOSI)涓诲腑Michael Tiemann瀵规鐨勫洖绛旀槸:寮?簮杞欢鍙互鎶婂叏鐞冭蒋浠跺甫鍑哄洶澧冿紝灏嗕娇鍏跺彂鐢熼潻鍛芥?鐨勫彉闈?钁楀悕IT鍜ㄨ鏈嶅姟鍟咷arnter璁や负锛屽紑婧愯蒋浠舵槸鎺ㄨ繘杞欢鍙戝睍鐨勯噸瑕佸洜绱狅紝鍙兘灏嗗湪鎵?湁鐨勮蒋浠堕鍩熶腑寮曢涓绘祦銆?br />
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